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The ASTIS database cites the following 4 publication(s) by Robert MacDonald. Publications are listed from newest to oldest. Please tell us about publications that are not yet cited in ASTIS.


Otto Schaefer (1919-2009)   /   Hankins, G.   MacDonald, R.
(Arctic, v. 63, no. 2, June 2010, p. 255-256, ill.)
ASTIS record 70564.
Languages: English
Web: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/arctic/Arctic63-2-255.pdf
Web: doi:10.14430/arctic988
Libraries: ACU

Otto Schaefer, considered one of the great pioneers of Arctic medicine, died at his home in Jasper, Alberta, on November 2, 2009 at the age of 90. ... (Au)

V, K, T
Arctic medicine; Biographies; Culture (Anthropology); Ethnobotany; Food; Health; Health care; Indians; Inuit; Inuit languages; Schaefer, Otto, 1919-2009; Social change; Traditional knowledge

G081
Canadian Arctic


Challenges and accomplishments : a celebration of the Arctic Institute of North America   /   MacDonald, R.
(Arctic, v. 58, no. 4, Dec. 2005, p. 440-451, ill.)
References.
ASTIS record 58167.
Languages: English
Web: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/arctic/Arctic58-4-440.pdf
Web: doi:10.14430/arctic469
Libraries: ACU

... In 1942, a group of Canadians held private discussions about how Canada could increase her administrative, scientific, and technical competence in the Arctic to match that of other Arctic nations, such as the Soviet Union. ... In September 1944, at Montreal, the proposal for the new institute was approved. ... The proposal identified a need for independent scientific research: basic general research, studies on the problems of Arctic living, and an examination of the Arctic's relationship to the physical, social, and economic problems of the world. ... Offices were established at McGill University and in December 1945, by Act of Parliament, the Arctic Institute of North America was chartered. ... During these first 30 years, AINA not only met the challenge of getting organized but played a key role in promoting the Arctic, encouraging research, publishing a variety of studies on the region, and developing infrastructure and systems that could carry the research into the future. ... By the 1970s, the institute had begun to lose its central role in Arctic research. The Canadian government was increasingly conducting its own research projects because of sovereignty concerns. The University of Alaska was developing into a focal point for American expertise and hence for funding by American agencies .... The institute work did go on, but deficits were occurring. In 1974, a working group was struck to examine AINA's future direction. ... During this time, in spite of some success in finding new funds, there was a continued feeling that Montreal ... was far from the centre of new northern activity (and potential funding) in the Canadian west, especially Alberta. ... the Alberta government was reported to have offered a trust fund of five million dollars, and the University of Calgary made space available. Reaction to the potential move of the institute was swift. McGill offered to continue housing AINA rent-free and to provide some money, and three francophone universities indicated support .... An initial board meeting approved the move, but the decision was controversial, and a subsequent larger meeting that included the Fellows rejected the plan, fearing AINA would become a tool of petroleum companies. But in May 1975, a meeting in Calgary with only board members endorsed the move. Resistance remained. In Edmonton, the Boreal Institute questioned having two northern institutes in Alberta ... and served notice of possible legal and other action if any of its programs were taken over. ... In Quebec, the government served notice of its intention to declare the library as part of Quebec's cultural heritage so that it would remain in the province. However the legal notice came two days late, and almost all the library (60 000 items) arrived in Calgary on 3 February 1976. ... Despite the relocation, the financial situation did not improve sufficiently. ... After negotiations, in 1979 the University of Calgary took over the institute, though AINA retained a certain degree of autonomy with its own advisory board (later board of directors) drawn largely from outside the university, the ability to raise funds beyond the university grant, and the continued integrity of its library, including caveats on any disposal. Though tensions in the relationship would remain, the change did usher in some stability. ... Arctic continued to be one of the premier peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journals on the Arctic region. ... With respect to content, biological sciences had replaced earth sciences as the dominant subject, while social science articles increased slightly and those in defence research and other disciplines remained relatively steady. ... In 1978, the Arctic Science and Technology Information System (ASTIS) was established and initially funded in part by the Arctic Petroleum Operators' Association. ... Four core programs were established [in 1987]: a Networking Program, to promote collaborative links with other groups interested in the North; a Database Program to strengthen the AINA library and ASTIS; a Research Facilities Program to promote and maximize the use of the Devon Island and Kluane field stations; and a Research, Publication and Secondment Program. Priority subjects to be addressed in the latter program included northern land-use planning, engineering and architecture in cold climates, government structures, sustainable economic development, social and natural sciences, and the humanities. The board of directors also authorized the establishment of a program trust fund to create a cushion on which the institute could rely in future to cover costs (through interest or, if necessary, capital). Arctic ... continued to be the flagship of the institute. ... ASTIS continued to grow as Canada's major northern abstracting and indexing service. ... Funding for ASTIS continued to come mainly from indexing contracts, product sales, and small grants from industry. The AINA library collection also continued to grow, with increased support from the University Library, donations from the petroleum industry ..., government publications, and journals received in exchange for Arctic. Although AINA's books were balanced [in 1999] and its trust fund had grown significantly, the end of the 20th century ushered in a new era of challenge for the institute. ... The institute continued to support its core programs - Arctic, ASTIS, the Kluane Lake Research Station, grants-in-aid, and scholarships - while developing new initiatives and turning increasingly to the World Wide Web for the distribution of information. ... The ASTIS printed and CD-ROM publications ceased in 1999 when the full ASTIS database was made available on the Web for free. ... Arctic began to make papers available on the AINA website for free, as PDF files, three years after their publication. In 2002, research associate Constance Martin initiated a project to catalogue AINA's collection of more than 4000 photographs and to create a database, using professional archival standards, from which images could be recalled for scholarly and public use. ... That same year AINA entered into a publishing agreement with the University of Calgary Press to establish a joint initiative called the Northern Lights Series. ... For 60 years, AINA has accomplished a great deal of which it can be proud. ... Interest in northern research is experiencing a renaissance as governments, universities, and industry recognize the strategic and economic importance of the Arctic and its role as a bellwether of global climate. As Canada and other circumpolar nations gear up for the 4th International Polar Year in 2007-08, the institute is eminently well situated to build on its past successes and continue to fulfill its mandate of expanding and disseminating knowledge and understanding of the North. ... (Au)

R, V, Y
Arctic Institute of North America; Arctic Institute of North America. Arctic Bibliography ; ASTIS; Bibliographic databases; Biology; Earth sciences; Employees; Finance; Government; History; Kluane Lake Research Station; Management; Military operations; Planning; Research; Research funding; Research organizations; Research personnel; Research stations; Science; Scientists; Social sciences; Sovereignty

G08, G081, G01
Calgary, Alberta; Canada; Canadian Arctic; Montréal, Québec; Polar regions; United States


The historiography of northern Alberta   /   MacDonald, R.
(The historiography of the provincial north / Edited by Ken Coates and William Morrison. Occasional publication series - Lakehead University. Centre for Northern Studies, no. 18, 1996, p. 248-297)
References.
ASTIS record 39631.
Languages: English
Libraries: ACU

The author discusses the significance of several episodes of Northern Alberta's history - after trying to define the district geographically - including the fur trade, Klondike Gold Rush, missionaries, agriculture, petroleum tar sands, social change, treaties, land rights, establishment of Wood Buffalo National Park, assimilation of Arab Muslims in Alberta, etc. The author provides extensive bibliographical and archival aids to a study of Northern Alberta history. (ASTIS)

V, A, R, L, Q, N, S, T
Aboriginal rights; Agriculture; Boundaries; Fur trade; Geography; Government; History; Hudson's Bay Company; Human geography; Klondike Gold Rush, 1898; Missionaries; Native land claims; Native peoples; Natural resources; Parks; Petroleum industry; Population; Public relations; Socio-economic effects; Transportation

G0822
Alberta, Northern


Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld (1832-1901)   /   MacDonald, R.
(Arctic, v. 42, no. 4, Dec. 1989, p. 388-389, ill.)
References.
ASTIS record 32882.
Languages: English
Web: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/arctic/Arctic42-4-388.pdf
Web: doi:10.14430/arctic1682
Libraries: ACU

In the shallow Queen Maud Gulf a series of small islands, named by Amundsen during his Northwest Passage voyage, commemorate the arctic exploits of a remarkable Finnish-Swede, Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld. Though best known for his epic voyage in the Vega, which went through the Northeast Passage and circumnavigated Asia and Europe in 1878-80, Nordenskiöld had other bases for fame, including eight other trips to the Arctic. ... [These were primarily scientific expeditions concerned with investigating the glaciology, biology, geology, and palaeontology of Greenland, Spitzbergen, the Northeast Passage and Alaska.] For his efforts, Nordenskiöld received many awards and honours. After the 1868 expedition, the Royal Geographical Society in London awarded him the Founder's Medal. In addition he received the Roquette Medal from the Paris Geographical Society and a decoration from the king of Italy. After the trip down the Yenissey, he was named Corresponding Member of the French Academy, replacing the late Dr. Livingston. His adopted country bestowed on him its highest honour, the Grand Cross of the North Star. Nordenskiöld settled down to the life of an administrator of the Natural History Museum and that of a country squire, writing a Facsimile Atlas and a history of early charts and sailing, consulting with the Russian government and Australians on Antarctica. He was influential in Nansen's crossing of Greenland and Andree's attempt to fly a balloon across the Polar Cap. One son, Erland, studied Patagonia, while a nephew, Otto, was both an Arctic and Antarctic explorer. ... (Au)

V, B, T, I, H, L
Biographies; Biology; Chukchis; Expeditions; Explorers; Geological exploration; History; Marine navigation; Meteorology; Nordenskiöld, Nils Adolf Erik, 1832-1901; Palaeontology; Research; Sailing directions

G02, G13, G10, G141
Arctic waters; Greenland; Russian Arctic waters; Svalbard


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