ASTIS - Arctic Science and Technology Information System

A search of the ASTIS database for "sisn 73583" has found the following 1 records, which are sorted in descending order of year.

Beaufort Sea Petroleum and Environmental Management Tool   /   AECOM Canada Ltd.   Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs [Sponsor]
Calgary, Alta. : AECOM, 2010.
iii, 174, [12] p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
Cover title.
Project no.: 60141860.
Report date: March 2010.
Indexed a PDF file.
ASTIS record 73583.
Languages: English

Executive Summary: This report accompanies a GIS-based Petroleum and Environmental Management Tool (PEMT) and database that are intended to support development of strategic options of oil and gas leasing options for portions of the Beaufort Sea and the Mackenzie Delta within the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR). These products were produced for the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) - Northern Oil and Gas Branch (NOGB) to aid the NOGB in meeting their commitments associated with management of oil and gas resources on federal land and the provision of hydrocarbon development opportunities in the North, while ensuring environmental protection. The PEMT will assist managers and decision-makers in choosing appropriate processes and actions to responsibly manage offshore areas petroleum industry activities. The study area and analytical resolution were defined using the oil and gas leasing grid within the Beaufort Sea. The study area has been the scene of oil and gas exploration activity since 1957. Oil was first discovered at Atkinson Point in 1969 and major gas fields in the early 1970's. Such finds spurred the proposal of the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline in 1974 and the addition of exploration and investment offshore. Exploration and drilling continued both onshore and offshore until the mid 1970's with the release of the Berger Report, which recommended a 10-year moratorium on the construction of the pipeline. After the release of the Berger Report, the pace of onshore activity declined but offshore exploration escalated in the 1980's. Offshore exploration was facilitated with innovative operating techniques and new offshore platforms that extended the ability to operate in the short open-water season and ice. With the minor exception of the small onshore gas field at Ikhil, no oil or gas has been commercially produced in the area. The preparation of the GIS-based PEMT for the study area required the completion of a series of interrelated steps.The steps included: 1. Identification and review of potential and final valued ecosystem components (VEC) and valued socio-economic components (VSEC); 2. The review of past, present and potential oil and gas development activities in the region, and the residual effects of these activities (Appendix C); 3. The preparation of sensitivity layers for the VECs and VSECs; 4. The preparation of a geo-economic layer; and 5. The development of grid based sensitivity maps. A key aspect of the PEMT development was the selection of Valued Ecosystem Components (VECs) and Valued Socio-Economic Components (VSECs). Following a review of selected literature, Community Conservation Plans, the VECs chosen for this project include polar bear, beluga and bowhead whale, ringed seal, Peary caribou, and migratory birds, both onshore and offshore. When choosing the particular VECs, the project team identified species at risk or species that had high ecological, social, cultural or economic value. All the VECs selected also play an important social, cultural and economic role for the four Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR) communities within the study area, i.e., Aklavik, Inuvik, Tuktoyaktuk, and Sachs Harbour. The hunting of polar bears, beluga and bowhead whales, ringed seals, Peary caribou and migratory birds were identified as the crucial socio-economic and cultural component. To sustainably manage their resources, the Inuvialuit communities, designated special areas and recommended land use practices in their community conservation plans (CCP's), depending on the significance and sensitivity of cultural or renewable resources. The VSEC of hunting was selected to be included in the decision support tool because the activity of hunting and the species hunted are susceptible to changes in association with oil and gas activities. The Inuvialuit CCP's were used as the basis of the VSEC sensitivity scores. The geo-economic layer components of the decision-support tool were based on an INAC- developed scorecard rating system for each grid cell in the study area. Each grid cell was scored based on geological factors, economic factors, and uncertainty. Sensitivity maps were developed for each VEC and VSEC for two distinct seasons: open water (May-October), and ice-covered (November-April). The sensitivity layers are a composite of relevant ecosystem (habitat use and availability) and socio-economic information. In their compiled state, they form a sensitivity layer. The sensitivity scores provide a relative appreciation of the biological (highlights the most vulnerable and sensitive areas, seasonal distribution, and provides information on the potential response to change resulting from hydrocarbon development), social or economic values within each area. As well, the PEMT provides a grid based version of each sensitive area. This information can be used by INAC-NOGB as well as other users to manage activities within that grid by providing a better understanding of the sensitive areas within a region. The PEMT process that is to be undertaken by the Branch will involve the development of leasing management options. This PEMT has been designed to eventually support the inclusion of more VEC's and VSEC's as the geographic information becomes available. The tool could also be used to evaluate potential cumulative effects resulting from oil and gas activity in the region at strategic level. (Au)

Q, S, J, N, I, T, R, L, G, B
Animal distribution; Animal food; Animal migration; Animal population; Arctic cod; Beluga whales; Birds; Bowhead whales; Caribou; Climate change; Denning; Design and construction; Economic geology; Endangered species; Environmental impact assessment; Environmental impacts; Environmental protection; Environmentally significant areas; Geographic information systems; Hunting; Ice cover; Ice roads; Inuit; Marine ecology; Marine mammals; Marine oil spills; Natural area preservation; Natural resource management; Offshore oil fields; Offshore oil well drilling; Offshore seismic surveys; Oil spills; Oil well drilling; Petroleum and Environmental Management Tool; Petroleum geology; Petroleum leases; Polar bears; Sea birds; Sea ice; Seals (Animals); Seasonal variations; Socio-economic effects; Subsistence; Wildlife habitat; Wildlife management

G07, G0815, G0812, G0811
Banks Island, N.W.T.; Canadian Beaufort Sea; Inuvialuit Settlement Region, N.W.T./Yukon; Kendall Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary, N.W.T.; Kugmallit Bay, N.W.T.; Mackenzie Delta, N.W.T.; Shallow Bay, N.W.T.; Viscount Melville Sound, N.W.T./Nunavut; Yukon North Slope

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