The French polar effort and the expeditions polaires francaises   /   LeSchack, L.A.
Arctic, v. 17, no. 1, Mar. 1964, p. 2-14, ill., figures, tables
ASTIS record 9921

Reviews the development of EPF as a private organization under Paul-Emile Victor since 1947, its present status and future. Its organizational structure, financing by the French government, activities in Greenland and the Antarctic are described as is its changing relationship with government as result of France's expanded polar operations. EPF has organizational responsibility for the expeditions of Expedition Glaciologique Internationale au Groenland.

National interests and claims in the Antarctic   /   Wilson, R.E.
Arctic, v. 17, no. 1, Mar. 1964, p. 15-31
ASTIS record 9922

Reviews the history of Antarctic discovery and of national claims in the Antarctic. Describes the process leading to the ratification of the Antarctic Treaty in 1961.

Distribution of diagenetic snow facies in Antarctica and in Greenland   /   Giovinetto, M.B.
Arctic, v. 17, no. 1, Mar. 1964, p. 32-40, figure
Contribution - Geophysical and Polar Research Center, no. 124
ASTIS record 9923

Compares mostly the area and distribution of dry snow facies in the two regions. The relative area covered by this facies is three times larger in Antarctica where the dry snow line occurs at lower altitudes and at higher mean annual air temperatures. The ratio between the areas of soaked and of percolation facies is larger in the Greenland ice sheet.

Unusual weather and river bank erosion in the delta of the Colville River, Alaska   /   Walker, H.J.   Morgan, H.M.
Arctic, v. 17, no. 1, Mar. 1964, p. 41-47, ill., figures, maps, tables
ASTIS record 9924

Reports correlation between weather conditions and erosion observed in this arctic coastal area in 1961. The summer's unusually high temperatures and precipitation, also strong and frequent west winds caused greater-than-normal flooding and collapse of river banks.

Egg capsules and young of the gastropod Pyrulofusus deformis (Neptuneidae) at Barrow, Alaska   /   Gonor, J.J.
Arctic, v. 17, no. 1, Mar. 1964, p. 48-51, ill., table
ASTIS record 9925

Describes two egg capsules of snails collected in 1963, and compares shell dimensions of three juveniles from one of the capsules with those of subadult and adult animals. The large capsules and few, large, non-pelagic young that develop in them are interpreted as an adaptation for reproduction in cold seas.

Breeding success of the common tern on the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 1961 and 1962   /   Power, G.
Arctic, v. 17, no. 1, Mar. 1964, p. 51-53, table
ASTIS record 9926

Colonies of the common tern, Sterna hirundo, occur on many of the small islands off the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. In 1961 and 1962 the author had the opportunity to observe a number of colonies near the mouth of the Nabisipi River, 5014'N, 6213'W. It was evident that breeding success in the colonies can change greatly from year to year. The breeding in 1962 was an almost complete failure and contrasted sharply with that in 1961. Annual recruitment in the tern colonies is very much influenced by weather and perhaps also by egg collecting. ...

The Icefield Ranges Research Project, 1963   /   Ragle, R.H.
Arctic, v. 17, no. 1, Mar. 1964, p. 55-57
ASTIS record 55299

The Icefield Ranges Research Project (IRRP), co-sponsored by the American Geographical Society and the Arctic Institute of North America, completed its third successful field season in early September 1963. The base camp at the south end of Kluane Lake, Yukon Territory, Canada was opened on June 4 and closed on August 27. The field party consisted of Dr. W. A. Wood, as project leader and R. H. Ragle, who as field leader was assisted by four other staff members of the Institute. One of the objectives of the project is to provide graduate students working on a dissertation for a Master's or Ph.D. degree with opportunities for research and field work. Thus there were five candidates for graduate degrees among the ten scientists from various institutions and universities in the United States and Canada who carried out field work in glaciology, meteorology, climatology, geophysics, and glacial geology. One other graduate, who had received an M.S. on work in glaciology while with the IRRP in 1962, returned for further research in 1963. Support was provided by eight assistants, mostly students from U.S. and Canadian universities. The four camps that served as bases for operations were: (a) Base Camp at Kluane Lake, altitude 870 m.; (b) Kaskawulsh Camp at the glacier terminus, 920 m.; (c) Glacier Divide Camp, 2641 m.; (d) Glacier Camp, at the centre of the glacier, 2588 m. Despite the changeable weather experienced during the season the work that had been planned in the various disciplines was accomplished. ...

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