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Photogrammetric and glaciological studies of Salmon Glacier   /   Haumann, D.
Arctic, v. 13, no. 2, June 1960, p. 74-110, ill., maps
ASTIS record 9839
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Reports results of work as geodesist-glaciologist on Univ. of Toronto-National Research Council of Canada Second Salmon Glacier Expedition, 1957, to this glacier on the Alaska-British Columbia border. A dense and accurate ground control network was established to ensure accuracy for photogrammetric processing of photographs. Surveying and mapping was done by aerial photogrammetry; the methods, and such for supplementary terrestrial photogrammetry are described. General physical setting is outlined. Recession of the Salmon and associated glaciers is described, for the period 1949-1957, and tentative data for 1920-1957 recession are tabulated. Compilation of a map at scale 1:25,000 provided an accurate basis for glaciological investigations. A second mapping in 1962, with relative flying elevations not to exceed 2,500 m is recommended.


Carnivorous walrus and some Arctic zoonoses   /   Fay, F.H.
Arctic, v. 13, no. 2, June 1960, p. 111-122
ASTIS record 9840
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Reviews reports of walrus feeding on seal or whale carrion, or killing them for food. Normally, bottom feeders (benthic invertebrates) in shallow, continental waters, walrus eat mammals when/where invertebrates are unobtainable. The (rare) rogue walrus, habitually carnivorous, has a distinctive external appearance. Some catch data are given with estimates of the carnivores, also those with Trichinella infection. The possibility is aired that such animals like the polar bear, have a high vitamin A content in their liver, or may be a source of trichinosis transmissible to man. Comments by T. H. Manning in Arctic, Mar. 1961, p. 76-77.


A strain gauge technique for the dynamic measurement of ice   /   Clark, D.B.
Arctic, v. 13, no. 2, June 1960, p. 123-131, ill.
ASTIS record 9841
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Describes a method of applying strain gauges to ice samples, using a coating material for the gauges to provide high gauge: ice impedance. Results of tests with various coatings are reported; Zerok 110, a styrene-butadiene copolymer, exhibited the best properties. Data are presented of measurements on dynamically loaded strain-gauged cylinders of fresh- and salt-water ice; considerable accuracy is claimed in the determination of the Poisson ratio and Young's modulus.


Periglacial-geomorphological investigations at Resolute, 1959   /   Cook, F.A.
Arctic, v. 13, no. 2, June 1960, p. 132-135
ASTIS record 45130
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In 1959 the Geographical Branch of the Department of Mines and Technical Surveys instituted a long-term program of research in the area at Resolute, Cornwallis Island, N.W.T., into problems of periglacial geomorphology, a relatively new branch of study relating to certain soil and landform features produced in very cold climates. This note is a progress report on the field work of the first year carried out by the writer, assisted by Jacek Romanowski, a graduate of McGill University, Montreal. The area was chosen as the site of investigations because it lies in an active periglacial region. Vegetation is almost absent, and the mechanical actions of frost are reduced to as simple a process as can be found in nature. On the large areas of barren land many periglacial features are revealed with remarkable perfection, especially types of patterned ground. Furthermore, Resolute is easily accessible by air; scheduled flights and many unscheduled flights offer opportunity for transport of personnel and equipment. The annual resupply by boat permits movement of large equipment into the area. Limited workshop and laboratory facilities are available for repair of equipment, sharpening of tools, etc., an important factor in permafrost work. The presence of a first-class meteorological station provides complete meteorological data, indispensable in the study of periglacial processes and phenomena. ...


Victoria Land traverse, Antarctica, 1959-1960   /   Weihaupt, J.G.
Arctic, v. 13, no. 2, June 1960, p. 135-136
ASTIS record 60940
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... During the antarctic summer of 1959-1960, the Arctic Institute administered two ground traverses whose purpose was to penetrate unexplored regions of the continent and to gather as many scientific data as time, logistics, and nature permitted. The first of the two parties departed from New Zealand's Scott Base on October 16, 1959 crossing part of the Ross Ice Shelf toward the Skelton Glacier. (The second party started from Byrd Station in November 1959 and explored the region toward the Amundsen Sea.) ... On October 27 the party reached 79°05'S. 162°15'E. at the foot of the Skelton Glacier. After traversing up glacier through heavily crevassed areas, they reached the first of three fuel caches laid down by U.S. Navy and Air Force planes. After continuing from the first cache at the edge of the Victoria Land Plateau, the traverse group began the journey to B-61, end station of the French traverse of 1958/9, over 600 miles to the west. The journey to the French station and then east toward the head of Tucker Glacier covered much of Victoria Land and part of Terre Adélie. This part of the journey was largely at elevations well over 8,500 feet. Seismic soundings were made at regular intervals to determine ice thickness, and gravity and magnetic readings were taken. On January 30, 1960 the party discovered a new range of mountains, first sighting them in the vicinity of 72°15'S. 159°45'E. This new range has been tentatively named the Arctic Institute Range, pending official acceptance. ... Geological investigation revealed three groups of rocks: flat lying sediments, massive intrusives, and metasediments intruded by pegmatites. On February 10, 1960 during aerial evacuation of the remaining eight men, a new and sizeable glacier was discovered between the party's last position at 72°38.0'S. 161°31.8'E. and Rennick Bay on the Oates Coast. This glacier is tentatively named Rennick Glacier. It is at least 160 miles long and between 20 and 40 miles wide. The maximum elevation reached during the traverse was approximately 9,200 feet and the minimum daytime temperature -43°C. A total of 75 seismic reflection and refraction shots were made and over 450 gravity and magnetic stations established. The maximum ice thickness measured was over 10,000 feet. The Victoria Land Traverse party remained in the field 118 days, during which they travelled a total of 1,530 miles, most of it in formerly unexplored territory. ...


V. C. Asmous (1891-1960)   /   Tremaine, M.
Arctic, v. 13, no. 2, June 1960, p. 137
ASTIS record 47052
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Vladimir C. Asmous was a contributor to the Arctic Bibliography from 1948 until his death February 19, 1960. He had an extensive knowledge of the literature of the natural sciences and he selected and abstracted for this Bibliography nearly eight thousand papers mainly by Russian and north European botanists, entomologists, etc. He was fluent in four languages and understood half-a-dozen others. His linguistic capabilities, a capacity for assiduous work and a fine innate sense of discrimination enabled him to direct his energies to literature research after his physical health was shattered in the first World War. Mr. Asmous was born on April 25, 1891 in St. Petersburg, Russia, son of Lieut.-General Constantine Asmous. He was graduated from the Military Engineering College in St. Petersburg in 1912 as second lieutenant in the Engineer Corps. In the war of 1914 he was wounded, shell-shocked and developed TB while he was prisoner of war for 3 years. From 1919 to 1920 he served in the White Russian army under Generals Deniken and Wrangel, after their defeat he lived for 2 years in Turkey and came to the United States in 1923. He worked at first in the library of the New York Botanical Garden, became assistant librarian of the Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University in 1939; and in 1947 transferred to the Slavic Section of the Harvard College (Widener) Library, from which he retired in July 1957. During these years he published numerous articles on the history of science, lives of scientists and contributed to a succession of works that are standard in their field: Merrill and Walker's Bibliography of eastern Asiatic Botany, 1938; Merrill's Botanical bibliography of the islands of the Pacific, 1947; to the Encyclopaedia Britannica: bibliographies of prominent botanists, etc. Nearly every month for almost 12 years he sent a packet of abstracts to the Arctic Bibliography, the last one, in meticulous order, he left on his desk. He was a man of great industry, who loved his work and fiercely fought the interference of ill-health, rather tall and spare of figure, a constant worrier, yet with a dry humour. He was shrewd in appraisal of work as contribution to knowledge, but he did not recognize his own as such.


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