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Glacial boulders on the arctic coast of Alaska   /   McCarthy, G.R.
Arctic, v. 11, no. 2, 1958, p. 70-85, ill., figure, map, tables
ASTIS record 9808
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Reports incidental observations made in the Barrow-Cape Simpson area 1949-50. Pleistocene glaciers of Alaska did not extend north beyond the northern foothills of the Brooks Range, yet glacial boulders have been reported near and along the coast. Altogether 56 such erratic boulders from sheltered spots on the shore, as far as 8-9 mi inland on the tundra and a few from the present sea floor were examined. Their location and size, rock type with field description and petrographic analysis are tabulated. Of granite (16), diabase (17), quartzite (10), etc., they range in weight from 2-3 lbs. to 4-5 tons. They are thought to represent morainic material left by melting icebergs, and the bergs to have been produced from glaciers in widely separated areas.


The evolution of the freshwater races of the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in eastern North America   /   Power, G.
Arctic, v. 11, no. 2, 1958, p. 86-92, ill.
ASTIS record 9809
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Information is presented on distribution of landlocked salmon, including the Hamilton, Upper George, Koksoak and Larch Rivers, Knob and other lakes in Quebec-Labrador. Size, weight and growth rate are given on the Ouananiche (landlocked) salmon of Lakes Astray and Aigneau. Theories on the origin and distribution of Atlantic freshwater salmon are discussed; effects of climate and isolation are considered.


Observations on the behaviour of certain arctic birds   /   Höhn, E.O.
Arctic, v. 11, no. 2, 1958, p. 93-101
ASTIS record 9810
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Report on observations on 14 species of birds (loons, old squaw, ptarmigan, plover, jaegers, sandpipers, phalarope, gulls, tern) made in Mackenzie District in summer 1955, mostly near the mouth of the Anderson River (69 59 N, 129 W). Calls, alarm or distraction behavior, play, courtship, attack real or feigned, display flights, etc., are noted. Two general observations are included: on distraction displays and falcon hunting habits in the presence of a human intruder.


Permafrost, water-supply, and engineering geology of Point Spencer spit, Seward Peninsula, Alaska   /   Black, R.F.
Arctic, v. 11, no. 2, 1958, p. 102-116, ill., figures, table
ASTIS record 9811
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Contains results of geologic reconnaissance of the spit, autumn 1945, by author and William P. Brosge, to determine the character of the permafrost and the availability of potable water for use by a construction group and a service group of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The geography, geology, climate, permafrost conditions, engineering, geology and hydrology of the area are treated in turn. Spits like Point Spencer can be classed among the barrier-bars or offshore bars; supply of fresh water in such areas is always limited; permafrost is the factor which permits its preservation in natural or artificial basins, and this must be considered in planning construction.


Naming of birds as part of the intellectual culture of Indians at Old Crow, Yukon Territory   /   Irving, L.
Arctic, v. 11, no. 2, 1958, p. 117-122, table
ASTIS record 9812
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Lists common, scientific and local native names for 103 species of birds found in this area. Recognition and naming of birds was done with great accuracy and completeness by the Kutchin Indian informant, suggesting the ability to be the result of an anciently perfected system of intellectual culture. Comparison with North Alaskan Eskimo bird names disclosed only two of 91 species with the same name, indicating the paucity of intellectual culture exchanges in contrast to the more liberal material cultural exchanges of these neighboring peoples.


The kayakers of Igdlorssuit   /   Drever, H.I.
Arctic, v. 11, no. 2, 1958, p. 123-127, ill.
ASTIS record 50898
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... The Greenland kayak, although very manoeuvrable and efficient, is at the same time so absurdly small and frail that to chase a seal in it seems almost an impertinence. The contempt that no doubt the seal must feel on seeing a kayak usually coincides with the swift arrival of a harpoon thrown with unerring accuracy at the base of its neck. But that is not always the end of the hunt; it is sometimes the end of the hunter. Very few families in Igdlorssuit have not lost a father, a brother or a son by drowning during a seal's last frantic fight for its life. ..


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