Journey across the nunataks of central East Greenland, 1951 / Katz, H.R.
Arctic, v. 6, no. 1, Mar. 1953, p. 2-14, ill., figures
ASTIS record 9713
Contains an account of a trip made in Aug. 1951 by a three-man party from the Lauge Koch expedition, which met and joined for part of the journey on the icecap, a weasel-equipped party of the French polar expedition of P.E. Victor. The main results of this trip are briefly described here; for the scientific results, maps, etc., see Arctic Bibliography No. 23166. From Ella O (72 51 N, 25 02 W) a circular route within roughly 72 30-74 N, 31-24 W was covered by plane, weasel, and the northern leg of it, devoted to the study proper, on foot. Observations on temperature, winds, ice and glacier conditions were also made during the preceding, southwestern and western leg of the journey on the weasels in cooperation with the French party. Geology of the westernmost part of central East Greenland was found to be very complex, crustal movements having apparently occurred up to the most recent epochs; it was also discovered that the Caledonian belt extends westward beyond any outcrop that can be found and, that during the Late Precambrian the geosynclinal trough had its central parts west of the present fjord-region; the western foreland of the Caledonian Syncline is therefore expected to be reached in the northernmost area, somewhere between 80° and 82° North.
Edible plants of the Arctic / Porsild, A.E.
Arctic, v. 6, no. 1, Mar. 1953, p. 15-34, figures
ASTIS record 9714
Contains an introductory discussion of the vitamin value, use and storage of plant food by the Eskimos, Chukchis and white men; preferences in plants or their parts used for consumption; preparation of plant foods. Then follows an account (with illus.) of some 40 species of edible plants of the Arctic, including lichens, mushrooms, and seaweeds, whose fruit and berries, roots, tubers, leaves, etc. are eaten, used as potherbs, or for preparation of beverages, "pickles," etc. Descriptions of the individual plants are followed by notes on their distribution, localities where usually found, parts eaten, way of preparation, etc. Poisonous plants of the northern forest are noted and figured (p. 17, 32). This paper was originally prepared for Dr. Vilhjalmur Stefansson's Encyclopedia arctica.
The naming of birds by Nunamiut Eskimo / Irving, L.
Arctic, v. 6, no. 1, Mar. 1953, p. 35-43, figure, table
ASTIS record 9715
Contains a list of some 115 names of birds in English and Nunamiut, the meaning of the Nunamiut name and status of the species (nesting, migrant, accidental, etc.). This is preceeded by a description of the Anaktuvuk Pass region (68 N, 152 W) of the Brooks Range, Northern Alaska, where the birds were observed and the home of the Nunamiut, a small inland group with strong oral traditions. Some anthropological data on these people, note of earlier studies, etc., are included. This study was made with Simeon Paneak, a native Nunamiut having an exceptional command of English, with whom the author had been associated in field work for five years.
Recent changes in the shoreline near Point Barrow, Alaska / MacCarthy, G.R.
Arctic, v. 6, no. 1, Mar. 1953, p. 44-51, ill., figures, table
ASTIS record 9729
Contains a study of the shoreline, its erosion and factors causing it along a stretch of some 30 miles southwest and southeast of Point Barrow. The rapid changes in shoreline configuration, especially at "Nuwuk" the triangulation station at the tip of Point Barrow, and along the south shore of Elson Lagoon were found to be not the result of vigorous action of waves or currents, but due to the presence of ground ice along the shores, which when thawing during the brief summer is easily removed even by feeble sea action. Author's observations were made while at Arctic Research Laboratory at Barrow, engaged in a geothermal project. Bibliographical footnotes.
Observations on food consumption and preference in four Alaskan mammals / Morrison, P.R. Teitz, W.J.
Arctic, v. 6, no. 1, Mar. 1953, p. 52-57, ill.
ASTIS record 9716
Contains report of a study made during Oct.-Nov. in Wisconsin where animals captured two months earlier in Alaska, were maintained in captivity. Alaskan ground squirrels, Dawson red-back voles, Alaskan collared lemmings and pikas were fed both fresh and dry food and their water intake, caloric intake and food preferences studied. There was little agreement among the various species in food preference; caloric intake was in general greater per weight unit in small than in large animals. Simple food consumption values are shown to be a fairly reliable measure of metabolic requirements and output in wild animals. The lemmings' catholic taste is noted as a factor favorable for survival in rigorous environment. For other papers from this study see Arctic Bibliography No. 26500-26501.
Arctic, v. 6, no. 1, Mar. 1953, p. 62-64
ASTIS record 61001
The news items include: 1) an report on the first meeting of the committee appointed at the Canadian Eskimo Conference (reprinted from Arctic Circular, v. 5, no. 6, 1952, p. 63-64); 2) information from J. Brian Bird on the etymology of the name "walrus"; 3) information about the new series "Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska" and a listing of papers in the first volume; 4) a request from Evelyn Stefansson who wants to know whether any copies of the Russian periodical "Letopis' Severa" made it to North America; and 5) a translation of S.L. Markov's account of the "The discovery of ancient coins in the Kamchatka" by Evelyn Stefanson.
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