Ice, open water, and winter climate in the eastern Arctic of North America : part I   /   Hare, F.K.   Montgomery, M.R.
Arctic, v. 2, no. 2, Sept. 1949, p. 78-89, ill., maps
ASTIS record 9658

Part 1. Hare, F.K. Distribution of winter temperature over the eastern Arctic and sub-Arctic. From climatic data for Canadian and Greenland Arctic, 1940-48, the author presents new air temperature maps, and evidence of the freezing over of Hudson Bay after January; discusses the open water bodies as "gulf of warmth" in Davies Strait-Baffin Bay, Hudson Strait and Hudson Bay.

The voyage of the "Snowbird II"   /   Alexander, S.E.
Arctic, v. 2, no. 2, Sept. 1949, p. 90-97, ill., 1 map
ASTIS record 9659

Account of the trip of the converted U.S. Navy landing ship medium, Snowbird II, from Vancouver, B.C. to Cambridge Bay, Victoria Island, 1948, to supply the Royal Canadian Mounted Police post there. Describes special features of the ship, and her movements in the ice of Beaufort Sea and Canadian straits, aided by air reconnaissance.

Trichinosis in the Arctic : a review   /   Connell, F.H.
Arctic, v. 2, no. 2, Sept. 1949, p. 98-107, ill.
ASTIS record 9660

Survey of reports and correspondence concerning occurrence of the parasitic roundworm Trichinella, especially in the dog and polar bear of arctic regions; with notes on its life cycle; and a bibliography (17 items).

Shipwrecked German weathermen winter in ice caves on Shannon Island, northeast Greenland   /   Court, A.
Arctic, v. 2, no. 2, Sept. 1949, p. 108-117, ill., 1 map
ASTIS record 9667

Account of wintering 1943-44, drawn from E.G. Triloff, Eine Uberwinterung auf Nordostgronland, 1948, q.v.

Snow Cornice 1949 : a preliminary report
Arctic, v. 2, no. 2, Sept. 1949, p. 118-119
ASTIS record 60799

On July 8 a telegram was received at the Institute headquarters from Walter Wood, leader of the 1949 Snow Cornice Expedition, which reads: "Mount Vancouver climbed fifth July by Odell, Hainsworth, McCarter and Bruce-Robertson. Party returned to station seventh." Mount Vancouver, 15,850 ft., in the St. Elias Mountains on the boundary between Alaska and Canada, towers above the 1948 base camp of Snow Cornice. In 1948 Walter Wood, Director of the Institute's New York Office, led an expedition to the Seward Ice Field and its distributary, the Malaspina glacier. Project Snow Cornice, as this expedition was known, laid the groundwork for the 1949 season, both in establishing a semi-permanent research station on the Seward Ice Field and in initiating a long-range glaciological programme. ... In 1948 all transport was by air and this plan has been followed in 1949, with the same pilot, and the Institute's Norseman. The aircraft is fitted with combination ski-wheels to enable take-offs from the hard runway at Yakutat airport and landings on the snow of the Ice Field. ... In 1949 advantage has been taken of the 1948 experience to adapt and improve equipment and techniques .... A number of improvements have been made to the ski-wheel combination for the Norseman. ... In 1948 the St. Elias Mountains and the adjacent coastal fringe enjoyed the finest summer weather on record, but this was followed by one of the most severe fall, winter and spring sequences in the history of meteorological records. ... When Snow Cornice left the field early in September 1948, a cache of supplies was left on the surface of the basin, marked by a wind direction indicator rising about 18 feet above the surface. On June 15 ... only about four feet of marker was visible. Later measurement showed that, at the time of our arrival, there had been a net accumulation of some 14 feet of snow during the winter. ... Fortunately the Institute's research station, perched on a nunatak at 6100 feet, did not suffer the same inundation as the cache. ... Eight hours after our return the hut was in running order. The seismic and radar studies begun last year will be continued and long-range sledge journeys for the collection of geological evidence and stereophotogrammetric mapping operations are planned. Studies of glacier movement await, at least in some phases, the reappearance of movement stakes set and measured in 1948. Standard meteorological observations commenced with the reopening of the station and continue to be fed by radio to the stations within the Alaska forecast network. Finally, the inhabitants of nunataks emerging from the ice, small coneys or rock rabbits, are being sought for comparison with less isolated representatives of the same species. Collections of moths and insects are also being made. ...

Arctic Institute research reports
Arctic, v. 2, no. 2, Sept. 1949, p. 124
ASTIS record 60800

A archaeological research report titled "Application of the tree-ring chronology in Alaska to archaeology" by J.L. Giddings is followed by 3 reports on biological research projects. The 3 biological research reports are: "Study of the microfauna of Arctic shore areas" by Marie Hammer; "A study of the habits and economics of fur animals" by F.H. Quick; and "Botanical investigations of portions of the Brooks Range and Arctic Slope of Alaska" by Lloyd Spetzman.

Northern news
Arctic, v. 2, no. 2, Sept. 1949, p. 125-129
ASTIS record 60801

The news items include: 1) an expedition to investigate islands in the northeast of Foxe Basin; 2) the offical naming of Prince Charles Island the largest of the newly-found islands in Foxe Basin and the adoption of the name Mackenzie King Island for what was originally thought to be the southern part of Borden Island; 3) the naming of Eureka, Resolute, Isachsen, and Mould Bay weather stations; 4) information and background on placer gold in gravels of the Firth River, Yukon by C.S. Lord (from the Arctic Circular, vol. II, 1949, p. 29-30); 5) a possible meteorite fall in the George River region, Quebec; 6) eight polar bear cubs that were captured and ordered released in Coral Harbour; 7) the French Arctic Research Expedition to Greenland; 8) navigation of the North East Passage by the German cruiser "Komet" in 1940; 9) the recent acquisition of historical documents about the life and work of Russian sailors in the 18th and 19th centuries by the Institute of History and Natural Sciences (U.S.S.R. Academy of Science); 10) information on the two commerical fisheries carried out in the summer of 1948, one at Gros Cap and the other at Hay River.

Philip Sidney Smith, 1877-1949   /   Reed, J.C.
Arctic, v. 2, no. 2, Sept. 1949, p. 130-131, 1 ill.
ASTIS record 50886

Philip Sidney Smith, a Governor of the Arctic Institute from September 1944, died in St. Albans, Vermont, on 10 May 1949. Philip Smith was born in Medford, Massachusetts, on 28 July 1877 and was graduated from Harvard in 1899 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. In 1904 he received the degree of Doctor of Philosophy from Harvard. In 1906 Dr. Smith joined the United States Geological Survey and began a long and distinguished career in the public service. After several years of geological and exploratory work in Alaska, he was appointed Administrative Geologist of the Geological Survey in 1915 and later was made Acting Director. In 1925 he succeeded Alfred H. Brooks as the head of the Alaskan Branch of the Geological Survey with the title of Chief Alaskan Geologist. This position he occupied for more than 20 years until his retirement at his own request from the federal service in 1946. During this long interval Philip Smith guided the Alaskan work of the Survey with such notable ability that the reputation of the Survey as a factor in the economy of Alaska grew far out of proportion to the public funds expended for the investigations. In spite of his time-consuming administrative responsibilities, Dr. Smith found opportunity to travel widely in Alaska and to know personally many Alaskans, both native and white, in all parts of the Territory. In 1924 and again in 1926 he made remarkable exploratory trips into northern Alaska to investigate the potentialities of the newly established Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 4. He is the author of an imposing number of bulletins, professional papers, and other publications on the geography and geology of Alaska and he was well known as one of the outstanding Alaskan specialists of his generation. Dr. Smith was an official delegate to the Fourth Pacific Scientific Congress, Java, 1929; he served for eight months as Supervising Engineer, Federal Emergency Administration of Public Works in Alaska, 1933-34; and was the Chairman of the United States delegation to the Seventeenth International Geological Congress, U.S.S.R., in 1937. From the time of his retirement until his death, Dr. Smith was greatly interested in, and gave much time, to the affairs of the Arctic Institute. His wide knowledge of Alaska, especially northern Alaska, his long experience in guiding research activities in the north, and his exceptional knowledge of government procedures combined to make his services to the Institute of unusual value. Dr. Smith is survived by his wife, a son, two daughters, and three grandchildren.

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