Northern Granular Resources

Key Publications


Proposed geotechnical investigation plan, potential sand and gravel reserves, Inuvialuit Settlement Region   /   Hardy BBT Limited   Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada [Sponsor]
Calgary, Alta. : Hardy BBT Ltd., 1989.
[118] leaves : ill., maps (some folded) ; 28 cm.
One large folded map sheet in pocket.
Appendices.
References.
ASTIS record 33371.
Languages: English
Web: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/gran/33371.pdf
Libraries: ACU XNWYL XQGLW

The terms of reference for this study were: 1) Review available information pertinent to the granular sources selected for further investigations. 2) Prepare and have approved a phased, multi-year, geotechnical investigation plan for the Inuvialuit Settlement Region selected granular sites. 3) Conduct the field investigations approved for the 1988/89 fiscal year. 4) Complete laboratory testing and analyze field and laboratory data. 5) Prepare a granular source evaluation report describing the work completed and presenting the laboratory testing and data analysis results. A preliminary assessment and review of previous granular studies and other available information has now been completed. This report presents a proposed phased, multi-year program of geotechnical site investigations to more precisely define the granular reserves at selected sites near the six communities of Inuvik, Aklavik, Tuktoyaktuk, Sachs Harbour, Paulatuk and Holman. ... (Au)


Geotechnical investigation of potential sand and gravel reserves, Inuvialuit Settlement Region I407 (Caribou Hills) deposit, Inuvik, Northwest Territories   /   Hardy BBT Limited   Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada [Sponsor]
[S.l.] : Hardy BBT Ltd., 1990.
21, 12, [94] leaves : ill. (some col.), maps ; 28 cm.
Two folded maps in pockets.
Appendices.
References.
ASTIS record 33279.
Languages: English
Web: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/gran/33279.pdf
Libraries: ACU XNWYL XQGLW

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada is carrying out detailed assessments of selected granular resource deposits in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region. As a part of this assessment, the present report describes the findings of the 1989 geotechnical investigations at the I407 (Caribou Hills) Site, which had previously been identified as a potential source of granular material for the community of Inuvik. A field drilling program was carried out at the I407 (Caribou Hills) Site to delineate areas containing potentially extractable granular materials. Laboratory and office studies followed the drilling program to establish the suitability of granular materials for various uses, to quantify potentially extractable volumes, and to discuss development considerations. A proven volume of 655 500 m of Classes 2 to 4 granular materials was delineated during this investigation, with corresponding estimates of 3 556 000 m and 9 055 000 m for probable and prospective reserves. The majority of the materials in each reserve subclass was Class 2 with proven reserves of 584 000 m granular with lesser amounts of Classes 3 and 4 (55 000 m and 16 000 m proven reserves respectively) noted in Area A. ... (Au)


Geotechnical investigation of potential sand and gravel reserves, Inuvialuit Settlement Region 155 South deposit, Tuktoyaktuk, Northwest Territories   /   Hardy BBT Limited   Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada [Sponsor]
[S.l.] : Hardy BBT Ltd., 1990.
23, 12, [100] leaves : ill. (some col.), maps ; 28 cm.
Three folded maps in pockets.
Appendices.
References.
ASTIS record 33280.
Languages: English
Web: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/gran/33280.pdf
Libraries: ACU XNWYL XQGLW

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada is carrying out detailed assessments of selected granular resource deposits in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region. As a part of this assessment, the present report describes the findings of the 1989 geotechnical investigations at the 155 South deposit near Tuktoyaktuk, which had previously been identified as a potential source of granular material for this community. A field drilling program was carried out at the 155 South deposit to delineate areas containing extractable granular materials. Laboratory and office studies followed the drilling program to establish the suitability of granular materials for various uses, to quantify potentially extractable volumes, and to discuss development considerations. A proven volume of 632 000 m of Class 2 to 4 granular materials was delineated during this investigation, with corresponding estimates of 1 879 000 m and 2 132 000 m for probable and prospective reserves. For each reserve subclass the properties of Classes 2, 3 and 4 were evenly divided (29-38%). These materials are spread among 12 separate areas comprising the 155 South Site. ... The volumes of proven reserves delineated are in excess of the expected requirements for the Tuktoyaktuk region up until at least the year 2006 for Classes 2, 3, and 4 (EBA, 1987). ... (Au)


Geotechnical investigation of potential sand and gravel reserves, Inuvialuit Settlement Region deposit 467 (Willow River), Aklavik, N.W.T.   /   Hardy BBT Limited   Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada [Sponsor]
[S.l.] : Hardy BBT Ltd., 1990.
24, 12, [51] leaves : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
One folded map in pocket.
Appendices.
References.
ASTIS record 33281.
Languages: English
Web: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/gran/33281.pdf
Libraries: ACU XNWYL XQGLW

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada is carrying out detailed assessments of selected granular resource deposits in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region. As a part of this assessment, the present report describes the findings of the 1989 geotechnical investigations at the 467 Site on the Willow River, which had previously been identified as a potential source of granular material for the community of Aklavik. A field drilling program was carried out to delineate areas containing extractable granular materials. Laboratory and office studies followed the drilling program to establish the suitability of the borrow for different uses, to quantify potentially extractable volumes, and to discuss development considerations. A proven volume of 346 000 m of Classes 2 to 4 granular materials was delineated during this investigation, with corresponding estimates of 5 785 000 m and 10 440 000 m for probable and prospective reserves. ...The component volumes of proven reserves of Classes 2, 3, and 4 materials now total 186 000 m, 144 000 m and 16 000 m, respectively. ... proven reserves for Classes 2 and 4 are well in excess of the expected requirements for these materials for the Aklavik region, up until at least the year 2006 (EBA, 1987). For Class 3, the proven reserves (144 000 m) represent some 90% of anticipated demand. ... (Au)


Paulatuk granular resources inventory and recommendations for development (A part of the Inuvialuit Final Agreement Implementation Program - Task 7 : sand and gravel inventories)   /   EBA Engineering Consultants Ltd.   Northwest Territories. Transportation [Sponsor]
Yellowknife, N.W.T. : EBA Engineering Consultants Ltd., 1991.
[4], 26, [154] leaves : maps (2 folded in envelopes) ; 28 cm.
Appendices.
References.
Contents: Appendix A : General limitations - Appendix B : Geotechnical fieldwork and data report, Paulatuk, NWT, 1991 / EBA Engineering Consultants Ltd. - Appendix C : Report catalogue dictionary and entries - Appendix D : Source database dictionary and entries - Appendix E : Borehole/testpit logs included in database - Appendix F : Laboratory data for boreholes and testpits included in database.
ASTIS record 33568.
Languages: English
Web: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/gran/33568.pdf
Libraries: XQGLW XNWYL

EBA Engineering Consultants Ltd. (EBA) was contracted ... to complete an investigation of several potential granular borrow sources near Paulatuk, N.W.T., and to compile existing information on these sources into a borehole/test pit database. Based on existing and new field and laboratory data, a granular resources inventory and development recommendations are presented. ... This report presents an evaluation of granular resources for Sources 12, 22, 23, and 24 in the Paulatuk area, including material classification, inventory, supply and demand, and borrow source development recommendations. A discussion of the computer database organization is also presented, as well as copies of the borehole/test pit logs and available laboratory test data. Details of EBA's 1991 investigation of Sources 12 and 23 are presented in Appendix B. Disk copies of the databases are presented under separate cover. Total volumes of Class 2 granular materials inventoried are 19,640 m, 79,480 m, and 292,780 m for proven, probable and prospective volumes, respectively. Class 3 materials are 113,740 m, 724,610 m and 4,034,110 m for proven, probable and prospective volumes, respectively. Class 4 materials are 379,990 m, 3,552,770 m and 11,079,070 m for proven, probable and prospective volumes, respectively. (Au)


Sachs Harbour granular inventory final report, March 1992 : phase A of field mapping of potential sand and ground reserves, Sachs Harbour and Holman, N.W.T.   /   French Arctic Consultants Ltd.
Ottawa : French Arctic Consultants Ltd., 1992.
52 leaves : ill. (some col.), maps ; 28 cm.
Two folded maps in pocket.
References.
ASTIS record 33366.
Languages: English
Web: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/gran/33366.pdf
Libraries: ACU XQGLW XNWYL

Sufficient aggregate exists in the immediate vicinity of Sachs Harbour to satisfy predicted demand. The quality of granular resources is predominantly of fair quality (Class 3), consisting of poorly graded sands and gravels with a significant silt content. There is a distinct lack of high quality aggregate. Most aggregate occurs as a discontinuous veneer, 1-2 m thick, on the Sachs Harbour ridge, and is derived from local till, further degraded by the proximity of silty bedrock. The highest quality aggregate is to be found in a number of gravelly knolls (hills) on the lower slopes of the Sachs Harbour ridge. ... Easily accessible resources of ~70,000 m, mostly Class 3, have been identified and priorities for further extraction established. The Mary Sachs pit (SH-1) still contains large quantities of average quality aggregate (>200,000 m). It is recommended that aggregate source SH-5C be developed once the present community pit (SH-5A) is exhausted, and that the present community dump be infilled and buried in the next 1-3 years with aggregate from SH-4B. It is important that site rehabilitation be undertaken at all aggregate resource locations once they are depleted, because the level of disturbance associated with aggregate extraction is unnecessarily high. (Au)


Investigation of geological constraints on granular resource extraction in the Tuktoyaktuk coastlands area, Northwest Territories, source 155 north   /   Northwood Geoscience   Thompson, F.   Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada [Sponsor]   Geological Survey of Canada [Sponsor]   Inuvialuit Land Administration [Sponsor]
[S.l.] : Geological Survey of Canada, 1992.
27, [24] leaves, [5] leaves of plates : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
(Open file - Geological Survey of Canada, no. 2508)
Appendices.
References.
ASTIS record 35355.
Languages: English
Libraries: AEU

The main objectives of this project are twofold, to monitor geothermal and geomorphological changes in an active borrow pit and to address some of the geological constraints on borrow pit activities in perennially frozen ground. This work is expected to provide the scientific basis for an improved understanding of borrow pit operations that can be applied to maximize recoveries and limit environmental damage in borrow pits in the Richards Island/Tuktoyaktuk Peninsula area. The study has several components: 1. drilling and geophysical logging of boreholes to determine stratigraphy and identify areas of massive ice and ice rich sediments; 2) surface ground probing radar surveys to determine the extent of buried ice and evaluate near surface stratigraphy; 3) installation and monitoring of thermistor cables and data loggers in the boreholes to determine annual variations in subsurface ground temperatures in disturbed and undisturbed areas; 4) geomorphological monitoring of the borrow pit to observe the extent of any surface disturbances due to melting of buried ice during the thaw season; 5) measuring the depth to frozen ground to determine the thickness of the active layer in disturbed and undisturbed areas; 6) evaluation of the effectiveness of the berms in containing runoff and limiting siltation of adjacent water bodies; 7) reevaluation of remaining recoverable reserves at 155N; and 8) evaluation of present exploration, development and restoration practices. (Au)


Investigation of geological constraints on granular resource extraction in the Tuktoyaktuk coastlands area, Northwest Territories, source 160/161   /   Thompson, F.
[Ottawa] : Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 1992.
vi, 37, 30, [58] p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
(Open file - Geological Survey of Canada, no. 2541)
Appendices.
References.
ASTIS record 37845.
Languages: English
Web: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/gran/37845.pdf
Libraries: ACSP XQGLW

... The objective of this project was to determine if the visual and environmental condition of the abandoned borrow pits at Source 160/161 could be improved and if, associated with restoration measures, additional aggregate could be extracted. The study has several components: 1. Ground surveys at the abandoned borrow pits to determine such factors as, the type and extent of aggregate remaining near surface, the depth to frozen ground, the extent of post extraction surface disturbances and water depth in the depressions. 2. Aerial photograph interpretation to determine the extent of the borrow pits, time period when the borrow pits were worked and subsequent progression of surface disturbances. 3. A test Ground Probing Radar survey at one of the borrow pits to determine the potential for defining the extent of buried ice. This study is preliminary in nature. More comprehensive subsurface information, provided by drilling and geophysical studies, on the extent of aggregate and buried ice would be required to fully evaluate the amount of aggregate available or potential environmental problems associated with pit restoration or aggregate extraction. ... (Au)


Holman granular inventory : final report, March 1993 : phase B of field mapping of potential sand and gravel reserves, Sachs Harbour and Holman, N.W.T.   /   French Arctic Consultants Ltd.   Canada. Supply and Services Canada [Sponsor]
Ottawa : French Arctic Consultants Ltd., 1993.
46 leaves : ill. (some col.), maps ; 28 cm.
One folded map in back pocket.
References.
ASTIS record 33405.
Languages: English
Web: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/gran/33405.pdf
Libraries: ACU XQGLW

Sufficient aggregate exists in the immediate vicinity of Holman to satisfy predicted demand. The granular resources are predominantly of fair (Class 3) to good (Class 2) quality, consisting mostly of moderately graded raised beach gravels. There is a lack of high quality (Class 1) aggregate but an abundance of scree/talus (Class 5). The beach gravels are of variable thickness and widely distributed; they consist of locally derived angular, platey or rounded lithic fragments of either dolomite (limestone) or gabbro. Existing sources along RCAF Road (HMF-1-3), at Ukpillik Hill (HMF 6,7), and near the airport (HMF-12) contain sufficient aggregate for several years. No new sources need to be developed at present. Easily accessible reserves of approximately 225,000 m, mostly Class 2-3, have also been identified. It is recommended that the Ukpillik Hill aggregate source continue to serve for all general use, that sources along RCAF road be reserved for local high quality needs of the community, and that the MOT pit continues to be the source of airstrip maintenance. Significant quantities of poorly graded medium sand adjacent to Ukpillik River (approximately 60,000 m) constitute an additional aggregate source, but of poor quality. It is important that site rehabilitation be undertaken at all aggregate resource locations once they are depleted. (Au)


An interpretive manual for reports on granular deposits in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region : part of the Inuvialuit Final Agreement Implementation Program, Task 7 - sand and gravel   /   Thompson, F.   Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada [Sponsor]
[S.l. : s.n.], 1994.
70 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
Definitions of terms: p. 56-65.
Selected bibliography: p. 66-70.
ASTIS record 39448.
Languages: English
Web: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/gran/39448.pdf
Libraries: ACU XQGLW

... Under the Inuvialuit Final Agreement [IFA], signed between the Government of Canada and the Inuvialuit in 1984, ownership of most of the accessible granular deposits in the Western Arctic Region was transferred to the Inuvialuit. Management of this resource is now the responsibility of the Inuvialuit Land Administration [ILA] in consultation with local groups such as the Community Corporations and Hunters and Trappers Associations. To implement the requirements of the IFA and provide for more efficient development of the resource, the Government of Canada set up a granular materials project designated as Task 7-Sand and Gravel Inventories. The objectives of this project are to determine the 20 year demands for granular material, provide an inventory of potential sources, determine the quality and quantity at the more promising deposits and form a plan for reservation and development of the granular material. Several studies of granular resources in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region have been conducted as a part of this project. The reports on granular deposits are detailed and technical in nature because such information is required to determine which deposits are suitable for development and how they can be developed to maximize recoveries, while at the same time minimizing environmental damage. However, most of the community representatives called upon to approve development plans do not have scientific or technical training and are unable to fully utilize these reports. As a result the Inuvialuit are not always able to direct development of the granular deposits, and some control is left in the hands of the borrow pit operators and non-resident experts. For the Inuvialuit to effectively manage the granular resources of the Inuvialuit Settlement Region it is critical that they be able to use the reports on granular deposits. This manual was prepared to serve as a guide to help people with limited technical background make use of these reports. (Au)


A test of ground probing radar for evaluating subsurface conditions in permafrost terrain, Tuktoyaktuk coastlands area, N.W.T.   /   Thompson, F.   Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada [Sponsor]
[S.l. : s.n.], 1994.
12, [27] leaves : ill. (some col.), maps ; 28 cm.
Appendices.
References.
ASTIS record 39449.
Languages: English
Web: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/gran/39449.pdf
Libraries: ACU XQGLW

In the Western Arctic, granular deposits for road building and other construction needs are scarce and generally small. Much of the granular material required is derived from glacial and post-glacial sand and gravel deposits. Buried ice, present in most of these deposits, further limits recoverable reserves and poses logistical and environmental problems unique to permafrost terrain. ... The problems associated with exploitation of these deposits demonstrated the need for more detailed pre-development subsurface exploration of glacial and post-glacial sources of granular material in the Western Arctic than for deposits where geological conditions are more consistent or where the ground is not permanently frozen. The Geological Survey of Canada has conducted field tests to determine the effectiveness of Ground Probing Radar (GPR) in defining the extent of buried ice and granular material in permafrost terrain. The borrow pit operator in the Tuktoyaktuk area, Grubens Transport, has been experimenting with the effectiveness of Ground Probing Radar. The Geological Survey of Canada GPR system employs a separated transmitter and receiver. It provides a variable antenna frequency so that the most suitable frequency can be selected for subsurface conditions, stackable pulse that yields improved signal to noise ratio and a digital record. It has proved to be effective where ground truth is available but it is time consuming and expensive to operate. Typically up to 2 km. of survey line can be done in one day of operation. The GPR system by Grubens Transport has the transmitter and receiver mounted together and this unit is towed across the study area to provide a continuous profile record along the survey line. It is commonly used to measure sea ice thickness and is significantly faster and less expensive to operate than the system used by the Geological Survey of Canada but its effectiveness has not been proven .... Typically, well in excess of 10 km. of survey line can be done in one day of operation. (Au)


Illustrations from : an interpretive manual for reports on granular deposits in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region : part of the Inuvialuit Final Agreement Implementation Program, Task 7 - Sand and Gravel   /   Thompson, F.   Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada [Sponsor]
Ottawa : Land Management, Northern Affairs Program, 1994.
53 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
ASTIS record 54735.
Languages: English
Web: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/gran/54735.pdf
Libraries: ACU XQGLW

This manual is designed to help people with limited technical training use reports on granular deposits in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region. It describes, in layman's language and with the use of illustrations, how to interpret the technical data in these reports. Environmental protection measures and monitoring procedures recommended for borrow pit operations in northern climate conditions are also discussed. The focus is on sand and gravel sources of granular construction materials because these deposits present unique logistical and environmental problems not encountered in bedrock sources of granular materials. Off-shore sources of granular material are not discussed. Although extensive, the manual is easy to use. It is divided into sections that can be used independently and, throughout, the reader is referred to other parts of the manual or other reports that provide additional information. Figures, photographs and tables are used extensively for demonstration. These illustrations, together with their captions, can be used independently of the text to understand the basics of borrow pit exploration, development and restoration. Technical terms commonly used in reports on granular deposits are presented, together with their definitions, at the end of the report. This study is a part of the Inuvialuit Final Agreement Implementation Program: Task 7 - Sand and Gravel Inventories and was authorized under contract number A7134-2-0070/01-ST. The scientific authority for the project is R.J. Gowan, Geotechnical Advisor, Natural Resources and Environment Branch, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. The manual was prepared by F.J. Thompson of Ottawa, Ontario. Inuvialuit Land Administration [ILA] staff and community representatives provided ideas and suggestions that formed the bases for this manual. Particular thanks go to Charles Klingenberg and William Gruben of the ILA in Tuktoyaktuk, Denis Thrasher and Vince Teddy of the Community Corporation in Tuktoyaktuk, JaneBicknell of the ILA in Inuvik and Joey Amos of the Hunters and Trappers Association in Inuvik. Their cooperation and assistance was critical to the success of the project. The manual was improved by the suggestions of A. Judge and G. Brooks of the Geological Survey of Canada, who acted as critical reviewers. (Au)

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