Hydrocarbon Impacts = Incidences des hydrocarbures

Key Publications

Norman Wells to Zama pipeline : Permafrost and Terrain Research and Monitoring Program : (INAC - IPL Environmental Agreement) : (NOGAP research) : annual progress report to INAC and IPL, Edmonton, November 19, 1990, Yellowknife, November 20, 1990   /   Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
[Yellowknife, N.W.T. : Land Resources Division, 1990].
1 v. (various pagings) : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
(NOGAP project no. A.17 : Surface and subsurface disturbances induced by oil and gas activities)
Cover title.
Appendices.
References.
Contents: Includes three project reports and five program appendices.
ASTIS record 35394.
Languages: English
Libraries: ACU OORD

... The Permafrost and Terrain Research and Monitoring (PTRM) Program objectives are (1) to determine and quantify impacts on permafrost and terrain, (2) to evaluate recovery processes and effectiveness of mitigative measures, (3) to compare actual and predicted impacts, (4) to assess the adequacy of the regional environmental framework and (5) to recommend improved environmental practices. The objectives were also established to meet goals of the Norman Wells Research and Monitoring Working Group. ... Major aspects of the program include: 1) examining thermal and terrain conditions at 23 main instrumented sites (e.g. pipe temperature sensors, soil probes, a series of 5 and 20 m ground temperature cables on and off the right-of-way) over 819 km, 2) regular observations of overall right-of-way conditions, and 3) reviewing the performance of wood chip insulation used on thaw-sensitive slopes. ... The PTRM observations also contribute to the performance evaluation required annually under the Environmental Agreement. The Environmental Agreement continues until the pipeline easement is terminated or surrendered, or until the pipeline is abandoned or removed. ... (Au)

Norman Wells to Zama pipeline : Permafrost and Terrain Research and Monitoring Program : (INAC - IPL Environmental Agreement) : (NOGAP research) : annual progress report to INAC and IPL, Edmonton, November 19, 1991, Yellowknife, November 21, 1991   /   Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
[Yellowknife, N.W.T. : Land Resources Division, 1991].
1 v. (various pagings) : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
(NOGAP project no. A.17 : Surface and subsurface disturbances induced by oil and gas activities)
Cover title.
Appendices.
References.
Contents: Includes three project reports and seven program appendices.
ASTIS record 35395.
Languages: English
Libraries: ACU OORD

... This Annual Progress report covers the end of the sixth year of pipeline operation and the start of the seventh (April-September), 1991. It also covers the seventh "thaw season" since the start of pipeline operations and the eighth "thaw season" for those sections of the right-of-way which were constructed in 1984. The mechanism for a Permafrost and Terrain Research and Monitoring Program (PTRM) was established under the "Environmental Agreement" signed between IPL and INAC. The program initiated in 1983 consisted of two objectives: (1) to monitor permafrost, terrain and terrain stability along the right-of-way by instrumenting selected sites (Permafrost Research Section, GSC, EMR) and (2) to evaluate terrain performance along the right-of-way by periodic observation (Geomorphic Processes and Engineering Geology Section, GSC, EMR). ... Major aspects of the program include: 1) examining thermal and terrain conditions at 23 main instrumented sites (e.g. pipe temperature sensors, soil probes, a series of 5 and 20 m ground temperature cables on and off the right-of-way) over 819 km, 2) regular observations of overall right-of-way conditions, 3) reviewing the performance of wood chip insulation used on thaw-sensitive slopes, and 4) assessing the possibility of deep seated landslides in permafrost affecting the pipeline. ... The PTRM observations also contribute to the performance evaluation required annually under the Environmental Agreement. The Environmental Agreement continues until the pipeline easement is terminated or surrendered, or until the pipeline is abandoned or removed. ... (Au)

Norman Wells to Zama pipeline : Permafrost and Terrain Research and Monitoring Program : (INAC - IPL Environmental Agreement) : (NOGAP research) : annual progress report to INAC and IPL, Edmonton, December 15, 1992, Yellowknife, December 1992   /   Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
[Yellowknife, N.W.T. : Land Resources Division, 1992].
1 v. (various pagings) : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
(NOGAP project no. A.17 : Surface and subsurface disturbances induced by oil and gas activities)
Cover title.
Appendices.
References.
Contents: Includes three project reports and five program appendices.
ASTIS record 35396.
Languages: English
Libraries: ACU OORD

... This Annual Progress report covers the end of the seventh year of pipeline operation and the start of the eighth (April-September 1992). It also covers the eighth "thaw season" since the start of pipeline operations and the ninth "thaw season" for those sections of the right-of-way which were constructed in 1984. The mechanism for a Permafrost and Terrain Research and Monitoring Program (PTRM) was established under the "Environmental Agreement" signed between IPL and the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (DIAND, also known as Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, INAC). The program initiated in 1983 consisted of two objectives which have now been integrated: (1) monitoring and evaluating permafrost, terrain and terrain stability along the right-of-way by instrumenting selected sites (Permafrost Research Section, GSC, EMR) and (2) evaluating terrain performance along the right-of-way by periodic observation (Geomorphic Processes and Engineering Geology Section, GSC, EMR). ... Major aspects of the program include: 1) examining thermal and terrain conditions at 23 main instrumented sites (e.g. pipe temperature sensors, soil probes, a series of 5 and 20 m ground temperature cables on and off the right-of-way) over 819 km, 2) regular observations of overall right-of-way conditions, 3) reviewing the performance of wood chip insulation used on thaw-sensitive slopes, and 4) assessing the possibility of deep/seated landslides in permafrost affecting the pipeline, and 5) re-examining the generic approach for slope stability analysis. ... The PTRM observations also contribute to the performance evaluation required annually under the Environmental Agreement. The Environmental Agreement continues until the pipeline easement is terminated or surrendered, or until the pipeline is abandoned or removed. ... (Au)

Norman Wells to Zama pipeline : Permafrost and Terrain Research and Monitoring Program : (DIAND - IPL Environmental Agreement) : (NOGAP research) : annual progress report to DIAND and IPL, Edmonton, November 23, 1993, Yellowknife, November 24 1993   /   Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
[Yellowknife, N.W.T. : Land Resources Division, 1993].
1 v. (various pagings) : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
(NOGAP project no. A.17 : Surface and subsurface disturbances induced by oil and gas activities)
Cover title.
Appendices.
References.
Contents: Includes three project reports and seven program appendices.
ASTIS record 35397.
Languages: English
Libraries: ACU OORD

... This Annual Progress report covers the end of the eighth year of pipeline operation and the start of the ninth (April-September 1993). It also covers the ninth "thaw season" since the start of pipeline operations and the tenth "thaw season" for those sections of the right-of-way which were constructed in 1984. The mechanism for a Permafrost and Terrain Research and Monitoring Program (PTRM) was established under the "Environmental Agreement" signed between IPL and the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (DIAND, also known as Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, INAC). The program initiated in 1983 consisted of two projects which have now been integrated: (1) monitoring and evaluating permafrost, terrain and terrain stability along the right-of-way by instrumenting selected sites (Permafrost Research Section, GSC, EMR) and (2) evaluating terrain performance along the right-of-way by periodic observation (Geomorphic Processes and Engineering Geology Section, GSC, EMR). ... Major aspects of the program include: 1) examining thermal and terrain conditions at 23 main instrumented sites (e.g. pipe temperature sensors, soil probes, a series of 5 and 20 m ground temperature cables on and off the right-of-way) over 819 km, 2) regular observations of overall right-of-way conditions, 3) reviewing the performance of wood chip insulation used on thaw-sensitive slopes, and 4) assessing the possibility of deep/seated landslides in permafrost affecting the pipeline, and 5) re-examining the approaches for slope stability analyses (deterministic vs. probabilistic) and 6) developing and testing a new oil temperature simulator. ... The PTRM observations also contribute to the performance evaluation required annually under the Environmental Agreement. The Environmental Agreement continues until the pipeline easement is terminated or surrendered, or until the pipeline is abandoned or removed. ... (Au)

Annual progress report to DIAND and IPL - 1994 : Norman Wells to Zama pipeline : Permafrost and Terrain Research and Monitoring Program : (DIAND and IPL Environmental Agreement) : annual geotechnical review : January 24, 1995, Edmonton   /   Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
[Yellowknife, N.W.T. : Land Resources Division, 1994].
1 v. (various pagings) : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
(NOGAP project no. A.17 : Surface and subsurface disturbances induced by oil and gas activities)
Cover title.
Appendices.
References.
Contents: Includes five project reports and six program appendices.
ASTIS record 35398.
Languages: English
Libraries: ACU OORD

... This Annual Progress report covers the end of the ninth year of pipeline operation and the start of the tenth (April-September 1994). It also covers the tenth "thaw season" since the start of pipeline operations and the eleventh "thaw season" for those sections of the right-of-way which were constructed in Jan. to March 1984. It also was the first year of operation under a new oil input thermal regime and a time of major fires across the line. The mechanism for a Permafrost and Terrain Research and Monitoring Program (PTRM) was established under the "Environmental Agreement" signed between IPL and the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (DIAND, formerly known as Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, INAC). ... Primary aspects of the program in 1993-1994 included: 1) examining thermal and terrain conditions at 23 main and several supplemental instrumented sites (e.g. pipe temperature sensors, a series 5 and 20 m ground temperature cables on and off the right-of-way, shallow soil temperature probes, air temperature) over 819 km but with emphasis this year on the northern part of the pipeline, 2) observing overall right-of way conditions on two PTRM thaw-season field trips (June kp 0-529, September kp 0-619, see APPENDIX A) (very limited field observations compared to previous years), 3) establishing several additional pipe temperature sensors (kp 2, 7, 30) and further testing of new "Hobo" data loggers for future low cost northern thermal documentation, 4) observing and reviewing the performance of select woodchip insulated slopes, including the effects of void formation and drains on slope performance, 5) critical review of predicted and actual downstream pipe temperatures near Norman Wells in relation to the new oil input thermal regime, 6) obtained new aerial photography (National Air Photo Library) coverage for kp 0-80, June 12, 1994, 1:10,000, black and white; kp 155-195, September 1994, 1:5,000, colour (Forest fire VQ-037), [and] 7) cooperation with GSC and IPL establishment of the kp 2.0 test pipeline site. (Au)

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