Arctic oil and gas 2007
Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme
Oslo : AMAP, 2007.
xiii, 40 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
Indexed a PDF file from the Web.
BREA Report Type: Regional Impact Assessment.
BREA Baseline Data: No.
BREA Biophysical / Valued Components: No.
BREA Development Scenarios / Activities: Yes, oil and gas life cycle phases and the main sequence and the specific activities that take place within each phase are identified.
BREA Impact Hypotheses: Yes, current and potential future impacts from oil and gas development in Arctic regions are identified.
BREA Environmental Concerns Identified: Yes.
BREA Harvest Concerns Identified: Yes.
BREA Social Concerns Identified: Yes.
BREA Research / Monitoring Recommendations: Yes, knowledge gaps are identified in Part C and research and monitoring programs are recommended to fill these gaps.
ASTIS record 66071.
The Arctic Council's assessment of oil and gas activities in the Arctic is prepared in response to a request from Ministers of the eight Arctic countries. The Ministers called for engagement of all Arctic Council Working Groups in this process, and requested that the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP) take responsibility for coordinating the work. ... Part A presents the main findings of the assessment and related recommendations [under four headings: Arctic petroleum hydrocarbon resources and oil and gas activities; social and economic effects; effects on the environment and ecosystems; and managing Arctic oil and gas development]. Part B is structured in the same manner as Part A and provides additional information for those interested in examining the basis for the conclusions and recommendations that are presented in Part A. Part C presents information on 'gaps in knowledge' and recommendations aimed at filling these
gaps. ... Key Findings 1. Extensive oil and gas activity has occurred in the Arctic, with much oil and gas produced and much remaining to be produced ... 2. Natural seeps are the major source of petroleum hydrocarbon contamination in the arctic environment ... 3. Petroleum hydrocarbon concentrations are generally low ... 4. On land, physical disturbance is the largest effect ... 5. In marine environments, oil spills are the largest threat ... 6. Impacts on individuals, communities, and governments can be both positive and negative ... 7. Human health can suffer from pollution and social disruption, but revenues can improve health care and overall well-being ... 8. Technology and regulations can help reduce negative impacts ... 9. Responding to major oil spills remains a challenge in remote, icy
environments ... 10. More oil and gas activity is expected ... 11. Many risks remain .... Planning and monitoring can help reduce risks and impacts.