Northern frontier, northern homeland : the report of the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry
Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry (Canada)
Toronto : James Lorimer, 1977.
2v. : ill. (part. col.) ; 28cm.
Commissioner: Thomas R. Berger.
Reviewed by ASTIS records 795, 796, 797 and 798.
ASTIS record 6402.
... Volume One deals with the broad social, economic and environmental impacts that a gas pipeline and an energy corridor would have in the Mackenzie Valley and the Western Arctic. ... [The Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry] was appointed to consider the social, environmental and economic impact of a gas pipeline and an energy corridor across our northern territories, across a land where four races of people - Indian, Inuit, Metis and white - live, and where seven languages are spoken. The Inquiry was also empowered to recommend terms and conditions that ought to be imposed to protect the people of the North, their environment, and their economy, if the pipeline were to be built. Today, we realize more fully what was always implicit in the Inquiry's mandate: this is not simply a debate about a gas pipeline and an energy corridor, it is a debate about the future of the North and its peoples . ... In my judgement, we must settle native
claims before we build a Mackenzie Valley pipeline. Such a settlement will not be simply the signing of an agreement, after which pipeline construction can then immediately proceed. Intrinsic to the settlement of native land claims is the establishment of new institutions and programs that will form the basis for native self-determination. ... The issue comes down to this: will native claims be rendered more difficult or even impossible of achievement if we build a pipeline without first settling those claims? Must we establish the political, social and economic institutions and programs embodied in the settlement before building a pipeline? ... I think the answer clearly is yes. ... In my opinion a period of ten years will be required in the Mackenzie Valley and Western Arctic to settle native land claims, and to establish the new institutions and new programs that a settlement will entail. No pipeline should be built until these things have
been achieved. ... Volume Two ... set[s] out the terms and conditions that should be imposed if a pipeline is built. ... [Berger recommends that no pipeline be built or energy corridor established across the Northern Yukon along either of the routes proposed by Arctic Gas. He considers a more favourable option to be the proposed Alaska Highway Route. Berger recommends against the construction of either an oil or gas pipeline across the Mackenzie Delta, which is environmentally sensitive and highly important to native people. Berger sees no compelling environmental reasons why an energy transportation corridor could not be established along the Mackenzie Valley.]
Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry : synopsis of volume two = Enquête sur le pipeline de la vallée du Mackenzie : resumé du volume deux
[Ottawa : Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry], 1977.
30, 20 p. ; 28 cm.
ASTIS record 47668.
Languages: English and French
This letter is a synopsis of the main points of Volume Two of my report, the full text of which will be published in September. I understand it may be helpful to have a synopsis of Volume Two for the parliamentary debate on northern gas pipelines. In Volume One, I recommended that no pipeline be built and no energy corridor be established across the Northern Yukon. I also recommended that construction of a pipeline along the Mackenzie Valley be postponed for ten years. This is consistent with the subsequent report of the National Energy Board. The Board has indicated that, depending upon the extent of discoveries in the Mackenzie Delta and the Beaufort Sea, a pipeline should be built either along the Dempster Highway, to connect with the proposed pipeline along the Alaska Highway Route, or along the Mackenzie Valley. It would, therefore, be wrong to assume that there will not be a pipeline along the Mackenzie Valley. In any event, there
will be continuing exploration in the Delta region, and a pipeline along either the Dempster route or the Mackenzie Valley Route will affect that area -- an area about which I have heard a great deal of evidence. Thus in Volume Two, I seek to distill the evidence on a wide range of social, environmental and economic subjects. In this way, Volume Two is designed to serve as a convenient point of departure for those in both the public sector and the private sector who will be engaged in planning for the Mackenzie Valley and the Mackenzie Delta in the years to come. The list of subjects covered in Volume Two is appended to this letter. ...