Two commissions of inquiry were appointed by the Canadian government to investigate the likely consequences for the land and peoples of northern Canada affected by pipelines proposed for the delivery of Alaskan natural gas to American markets. The author compares these two commissions which were chaired by Mr. Justice Thomas Berger and Mr. Kenneth Lysyk respectively. He sees them as together illustrating that the problems of northern development do not begin in the north, but rather in the minds of white people from the south because of their assumptions.
The ice-breaking steamer Sadko put to sea in June 1935 under N.M. Nikolayer with 35 scientists on board with the first Soviet high-latitude expedition under the charge of G.A. Ushakov. The Sadko expedition was highly successful and the forecast of a favourable ice year was accurate.
A survey was made in 1974 of the small lake which had formed as a result of the surge advance of Steele Glacier, Yukon Territory, in 1965-68. Maximum lake level is controlled by a drainage channel which passes over rock near the hydrologic left margin of Steele Glacier. Since the surge advance of 1965-68 the lake has twice drained subglacially, producing minor outburst floods on Steele Creek and increasing the discharge of the Donjek River which crosses the probable route of the Alaska Highway pipeline.
It is demonstrated that while it is difficult to arrive directly at values for the products of traditional subsistence activities, such values are necessary for the making of an assessment of actual and potential savings realizable through the use of traditional foods. These savings can account for one-quarter of the total real income of a family, although it is possible that inflation will decrease this amount in the future. The cost of basic equipment required for traditional subsistence activities and the total amount of flesh obtained are the primary determinants of final expense to the hunter.
The use of satellite imagery for monitoring ice break-up along the Mackenzie River, N.W.T.
Arctic, v. 30, no. 4, Dec. 1977, p. 234-242, ill., figures, table
ASTIS record 10368
The usefulness of satellite imagery for providing comprehensive information concerning break-up of river ice is discussed. For the years 1975-77, dates of break-up along the Mackenzie River derived from satellite images correlated well with the dates noted at six ground stations in the valley. It is suggested that satellite imagery could also be used to study ice break-up along rivers where little or no hydrometeorological data are regularly collected.
During the early part of August 1977, a survey of archaeological sites was carried out in the Bache Peninsula region on the east coast of Ellesmere Island, N.W.T. with the purpose of ascertaining the feasibility of detailed prehistoric human/ecological investigations in the area in the future. ... The specific objective of the Ellesmere Island Research Project was to locate sites pertaining to the various phases of Arctic prehistory, including the earliest Independence I (or Gammel Nugdlit?) sites, Independence II sites, and Dorset and Thule culture sites. The cultural associations of the various sites were generally established from a study of dwelling configurations and location in relation to present sea level, as well as fortuitous diagnostic surface finds. ... The new discoveries in the Arctic Islands indicate an appreciably greater cultural continuity than previously suggested. It is perhaps more reasonable to think in terms of greater or lesser intensity of human occupation and utilization rather than extensive periods of complete abandonment of the High Arctic.
Archaeologist Bryan C. Gordon, National Museum of Man, Ottawa, comments on the recent paper by Ernest S. Burch, Jr. in Arctic. He puts forward possible reasons for the relative absence of muskox remains. He concludes that, while barrenland archaeologists rightfully regard the caribou as the staff of life to the prehistoric indigenes, they do not disregard the muskox, but merely seek to accord it a correct relative importance.
... Raleigh Parkin was born in Toronto, the fifth child and only son of George and Annie Parkin who were from New Brunswick. His father was headmaster of Upper Canada College and well known in Canada and Britain as a progressive educationist. The son received most of his education in England where the family settled when George Parkin became the first administrator of the Rhodes Scholarships Trust. ... in August 1914, he joined the British army as one of "The First Hundred Thousand" and took part in the landing at Gallipoli. ... On returning to Canada to join Sun Life Assurance Company, he specialized in foreign investments, particularly in the Commonwealth and the United States. From the early nineteen-thirties he was for forty years a governor of the Institute of Current World Affairs (Crane Foundation) of New York, for most of this time being the only Canadian so honoured. He played an influential role in the Foundation's awarding of overseas fellowships to young men. The establishment of the Arctic Institute of North America at Montreal in 1944 was to a considerable degree due to his initiative, and to his skill as a catalyst in bringing together scientists, academics and businessmen from the United States, Newfoundland, Canada, and Denmark. His name is one of the four appearing in the Act of Parliament that incorporated the Institute in 1945 and in the corresponding Act of the New York State Legislature. He was a member of the Board of Governors of the Institute and later served it for several years as a senior consultant. It was on his initiative that a collection of documents recording the activities of the Institute from its formative years until the present was deposited in the Public Archives of Canada in Ottawa. ...