Discusses the significance of muskoxen in the lives of native peoples in the Canadian Subarctic. Muskoxen were killed for meat and for furs by the Chipewyan and the Inuit in what is now the southern portion of the District of Keewatin, N.W.T., and the northern portion of Manitoba during the years of study.
Measurements were made of thaw depths and of sub-surface temperatures along four profiles, between late May and late August. On the upper beach levels, thaw proceeded rapidly following the disappearance of surface snow, but then became much slower. Near the water line, thaw was delayed by the presence of beach-fast ice, but thereafter increased steadily to greater depths than on the upper beach. Greater thaw depths were reached on barrier beaches than on beaches backed by tundra. On the upper beach, thaw depths and zero-degree depths did not differ significantly, but near the water line they were at variance due to the presence of saline pore waters.
An oceanographic study of James Bay before the completion of the La Grande Hydroelectric Complex
Arctic, v. 30, no. 3, Sept. 1977, p. 169-186, figures, tables
ASTIS record 10361
From observations made at a number of oceanographic stations established in the northern part of James Bay, data for freshwater budget ice conditions, salinity, temperature distribution and water circulation are presented and discussed. With the completion of the hydroelectric complex, the mean annual rate of discharge of the La Grande River will increase by 88 per cent, through addition of the diverted head waters of other rivers, but will become approximately constant throughout the year instead of being subject to spring peaks and winter lows. Changes to be expected in oceanographic conditions in James Bay are discussed, and recommendations made for the planning of future studies.
A little-known account of the death, in 1799, of Duncan Livingston, a trader of the North West Company, is presented in this paper together with a brief account of the historical background to the narrative.
The food habits of wolves (Canis lupus) were studied at two different den-sites in Kluane National Park in the southwest of the Yukon Territory, in 1972 and 1973, as part of an assessment of predator-prey dynamics in that newly-designated reserve. No published data exist on the diets of wolves in northern British Columbia or the Yukon Territory; the closest available information concerns the wolf populations of Alaska.