Brief summary "of the discovery, exploitation and eventual conservation of the fur seal herd"; description of the present governmentally controlled regime, based on observations in 1949; and remarks on problems of the future, computation, biological factors and other questions needing further study.
The chief geologist of the Cryolite Company (Copenhagen) describes known deposits, sketches the history of their exploration and remarks on economic possibilities, mineralogy, and situation of eudialyte deposits in the Julianehaab, Kangerdluarsuk Fjord region of West Greenland, and of the iron ore deposits in the Gronnedal region (Ivigtut Peninsula) southwest Greenland. Bibliography (20 items). Notice of cessation of prospecting iron ore at Gronnedal appeared in Arctic, May 1951, v.4,p.70.
Manning's notes on tides along the southern Hudson Bay and western James Bay coasts are those made by him in 1947 while canoeing from Moosonee to York Factory and around Akimiski Island; tidal observations at Resolute Bay on Cornwallis Island, July-Aug. 1949, and at Isachsen (78 47 N, 103 32 W) Aug. 31-Sept. 6, 1949 were made by R.W. Rae; editorial note supplements the Resolute Bay observations by mentioning measurements made in 1850-51 at Assistance Bay on Cornwallis Island during a Franklin search voyage and reported by P.C. Sutherland (in his Journal of a voyage, 1852).
Brief account of research by the U.S. Public Health Service, Alaska, beginning in 1949, which revealed infections in the polar bear, arctic and red foxes, white whale, Eskimo dog, brown and grizzly bears, wolf and wolverine, after "nearly all species of land carnivores in Alaska" had been examined.
Notes on dwellings, tent rings, etc., seen by the author (or excavated) during the period 1938-49, on Foxe and Melville Peninsulas, the Baffin Island shores between Hantzsch River and Piling Bay, and in the Igloolik region. These remains appear to be of early 19th century origin, some of them older. Bibliography (7 items).
The following [eight] reports describe some of the work carried out with the assistance of Arctic Institute grants during the field season of 1949. [Two anthropological research reports are included: "Application of tree-ring chronology to archaeology in Alaska" by J.L. Giddings and "Anthropological investigations in Aleutian Islands" by W.S. Laughlin, G. Marsh, and F.A. Milan. The four biological research project reports are: "Botanical investigations of parts of the Brooks Range and the Arctic Slope of Alaska" by L.A. Spetzman; "Entomological investigations in northern Alaska" by Neal Weber; "Entomological and botanical investigation in Newfoundland" by H. Krogerus, C.H. Lindroth, E. Palmén, and R. Tuomikoski; and "Ornithological and geographical investigations in the Perry River region" by H. Hanson, P. Queneau, P Scott, and J. Bell. The geological research report is "Study of the stratigraphy of the Dundas Harbour region" by D.B. Wales and V.E. Kurtz. The final research report is "Economic studies in Alaska" by D.B. Shimkin.]
The news items include: 1) a report by K. Rodahl on a field test in Alaska to establish proper survival rations; 2) Labrador winter notes for 1950 by J.E. Frazer which include information on winter weather, dog deaths from an unknown disease thought to have been contracted through foxes, and the availablility of seals, caribou, ptarmigan (partridge), and foxes; 3) recent findings from archaeological reconnaissance work on King William Island and Boothia Peninsula by L.A. Learmouth concerning the 1829-33 expedition of Sir John Ross; and 4) and update on geodetic survey work carried out during the summer of 1949 which resulted in 136 new points providing control for 40,000 mi˛ of Arctic and Subarctic territory in Canada (reprinted from the Arctic Circular, vol. 3, no. 2, 1950, p. 18-20).